RHEL6.5更换本地YUM源

引言:由于RHEL的yum在线更新是收费的,如果没有注册的话是不能使用的,即不能在线安装软件。在这种情况下,想使用RHEL系统,还想用yum源来在线安装软件,有没有办法?答案是有办法,请往下看!

1、删除RHEL原有的yum
            rpm -aq|grep yum|xargs rpm -e –nodeps  #删除
2、下载新的yum安装包  #这里我们使用CentOS的yum源
wget http://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
wget http://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.x86_64.rpm
wget http://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm
wget http://vault.centos.org/6.0/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm
3、安装yum软件包

rpm -ivh  python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh  yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-14.1.el6.i686.rpm
rpm -ivh  yum-3.2.27-14.el6.centos.noarch.rpm 
rpm -ivh yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.26-11.el6.noarch.rpm
 
  注意:最后两个安装包要放在一起同时安装,否则会提示相互依赖,安装失败。
4、更改yum源  #我们使用网易的CentOS镜像源
  cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
  wget  http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
  vi CentOS6-Base-163.repo  #编辑文件
  把文件里面的$releasever全部替换为版本号,即6 最后保存!
或者直接把下面的内存拷贝到CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件中即可(已经修改好)
# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#

[base]
name=CentOS-6 – Base – 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-6 – Updates – 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-6 – Extras – 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-6 – Plus – 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

#contrib – packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-6 – Contrib – 163.com
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-65、yum clean all    #清理yum缓存
            yum makecache    #将服务器上的软件包信息缓存到本地,以提高搜索安装软件的速度
            yum install vim*  #测试yum是否可用
 
至此,RedHat6可以使用CentOS的yum源在线安装软件了!

RedHat 6.2 Linux修改yum源免费使用CentOS源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87383.htm

配置EPEL YUM源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-10/71850.htm

Redhat 本地yum源配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-11/75127.htm

yum的配置文件说明 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-04/83298.htm

RedHat 6.1下安装yum(图文) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/86535.htm

YUM 安装及清理 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87163.htm

CentOS 6.4上搭建yum本地源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104533.htm

更多RedHat相关信息见RedHat 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=10